Acta Oeconomica Pragensia
Acta Oeconomica Pragensia
Acta Oeconomica Pragensia
Journal of Central and Eastern European Economic and Management Issues

Acta Oeconomica Pragensia 2018/3

How Tourism Destination Competitiveness Contributes to GDP Growth – The Case of Selected European Economies


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Lejla Terzić

This paper empirically investigates the contribution of tourism destination competitiveness to the growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) among selected European economies. This analysis used the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) to estimate the tourism contribution of European economies. More specifically, this paper examines the variables that encourage tourism performance as defined by the TTCI rankings and the contribution of tourism to GDP. Data presented in the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index report by the World Economic Forum, the World Bank country database, and the World Travel and Tourism Council were used to calculate the TTCI classification and tourism performance variables. The indicators were chosen under the circumstance that they rationally suit the proposed research scheme. The results from the correlation analysis show that GDP growth depends on improved travel and tourism surroundings, higher tourism destination competitiveness, the creation of new business opportunities and the need for government support. The examination also verifies that the economic inequalities between selected countries affected the differences in the tourism competitiveness rankings. Finally, the restraints on the empirical findings are discussed and the research implications for future analyses are recommended.

JEL klasifikace: C88, O47, Z30

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