Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Prague Economic Papers
University of Economics, Prague

Prague Economic Papers Vol. 24 No. 3

FDI to EU15 and New Member States: Comparative Analysis of Inflow Determinants

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.pep.518

[full text (PDF)]

Viktorija Igošina

Wide range of academic studies and economic practice are showing strong correlation between GDP growth and FDI flows. Moreover, there is a number of cases when FDI inflows were positively impacting economic development. That provides grounds and needs for profound research in the area of investment determinants. The main objective of this paper is to classify FDI determinants in the EU countries. All assuming that there are differences between the two groups – old and new member states. The econometrical approach of gravity modelling was chosen as the most appropriate methodology to analyse panel data set. Panel is depicting FDI fl ows coming from the external non-EU investors and does not include intra EU investment fl ows among the member countries (firstly due to the relative insignifi cance of the intra-EU flows compared to the outer inflow values and secondly due to the need to answer what exactly leads non-European investor to opt for the EU country A and not B). The random eff ect model has proved diversity in FDI flows determinants. Study outcomes support the need for policymakers’ attention in the EU investment policy harmonization, towards market equalization that would improve competiveness of the whole EU region.

Keywords: EU integration, fixed effect, foreign direct investment, gravity based modelling, panel data, random effect

JEL Classification: C23, F15, F21, F23

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