Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Prague Economic Papers
University of Economics, Prague

Prague Economic Papers Vol. 26 No. 4

Employment Growth and Labour Elasticity in V4 Countries: Structural Decomposition Analysis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.pep.623

[full text (PDF)]

Martin Hudcovský, Martin Lábaj, Karol Morvay

In the present paper, we analyse the determinants of employment growth in V4 countries. While a standard approach relies on the parametric estimation of labour elasticity coefficients, we employ a novel approach based on structural decomposition analysis. This allows us to identify several determinants which mitigate the effects of economic growth on employment. We decompose the overall change in employment into the contribution of six factors: changes in labour productivity, changes in the import of intermediate products, changes in the structure of production, changes in the final demand structure by industries and by sectors, and a change in final demand volume. We show that besides the generally accepted influence of labour productivity growth on employment, other factors such as structural changes and changes in final demand played an important role in employment changes. These results shed some light on low labour elasticity in V4 countries and go beyond the simple labour productivity growth argument.

Keywords: employment, labour elasticity, structural decomposition analysis, V4 countries

JEL Classification: C67, J21

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