Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 63 No. 3

Teorie preferencí a kariéra žen na českém trhu práce

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1009

[plný text (PDF)]

Dagmar Brožová, Dominik Stroukal

This paper tests the selected determinants shaping the careers of women. It uses data from an exclusive survey conducted in 2011 in the Czech Republic and confronts the results with Hakim’s preference theory. The results suggest arguments both for against the preference theory. We formulated four hypotheses and verifi ed them by binary probit models. In accordance with the Hakim’s theory we were able to demonstrate that the preference for work (work-centered preference)has a positive and signifi cant impact on the career choices of women on the Czech labor market. According to the results of the model is the work-centered preference associated with 52% increase in likelihood that a woman will spend most of the energy in employment. The impact of higher education has been shown to be positive and signifi cant – higher education increases the likelihood that a woman will spend most of the energy is employment by more than 14%. The impact of motherhood is according to our data negative and signifi cant. It reduces the likelihood of career choices by more than 19% and this effect is the same for one and more children which is in contrast to Hakim’s theory.

JEL klasifikace: D10, J13, J24, J30

Reference:
BALCAR, J.; FILIPOVÁ, L.; MACHOVÁ, Z. 2012. Gender Wage gap in the Czech Republic:

First descriptive Analysis Based on Survey 2011. Review of Economic Perspectives –

Národohospodářský obzor. 2012, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2012, pp. 151–167.

BARNETT, R. C. 1999. A New Work-Life Model for the Twenty-First Century. Annals of the American

Academy of Political and Social Science. 1999, Vol. 562, No. 1, pp. 143–158.

BECKER, G. S. 1985. Human capital, effort, and the sexual division of labor. Journal of Labor

Economics. 1985, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. S33–S58.

BECKER, G. S. 1991. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard: University

Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0674906990.

CREIGHTON, C. 1996. The „family wage“ as a class-rational Strategy. Sociological Review. 1996,

Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 204–224.

CROMPTON, R.; HARRIS, F. 1999. Attitudes, women´s employment, and the changing domestic

division of labour: A cross-national analysis. In: CROMPTON, R. (ed.) Restructuring gender

relations and employment: The decline of the male breadwinner. New York: Oxford University

Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0198296089.

ESCRICHE, L. 2002. Intergenerational Transmission of Preferences and Occupational Segregation

of Women in the Labor Market. Valencia: Univesity of Valencia. Dostupné z http://centros.uv.es/

web/departmentos/D10/data/investigation/PDF179.pdf (navštíveno 15. 8. 2012).

ESCRICHE, L. 2007. Persistence of Occupational Segregation: the Role of the Intergenerational

Transmission of Preferences. The Economic Journal. 2007, Vol. 117, No. 520, pp. 837–857.

ESCRICHE, L.; OLCINA, G.; SANCHEZ, R. 2004. Gender Discrimination and Intergenerational

Transmission of Preferences. Oxford Economic Papers. 2004, Vol. 56 , No. 4, pp. 485–511.

FILIPOVÁ, L.; MACHOVÁ, Z. 2011. Wage determination with Special Reference to Role in a Family.

Review of Economic Perspectives – Národohospodářský obzor. 2011, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 37–56.

GIDDENS, A. 1991. Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in Late Modern Age. Stanford:

University Press. ISBN 978-0804719445.

GOLDBERG, S. 1999. Why Men Rule: A Theory of Male Dominance. Chicago: Open Court, 1999.

ISBN 978-0812692372.

GOLDIN, C. 1997. Career and Family: College Women Look to the Past. In: BLAU, F.; EHRENBERG,

R. G. Gender and Family Issues in the Work-place. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1997.

ISBN 0871541173.

GOLDIN, C. 2004. The Long Road to the Fast Track: Career and Family. NBER Working Paper.

2004, No. 10331. Dostupné z: http://www.nber.org/papers/w10331 (navštíveno 16. 10. 2013).

GOLDIN, C., 2006. The Quiet Revolution that Transformed Women´s Employment, Education, and

Family. American Economic Review. 2006, Vol. 96, No. 2, pp. 1–21.

HAKIM, C. 2000. Work-Lifestyle Choices in the 21st Century. Preference Theory. Oxford: Oxford

University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-924210-8.

HAKIM, C. 2002. Lifestyle Preference as Determinants of women´s differentiated Labor Market

Careers. Work and Occupations. 2002, Vol. 29, No 4, pp. 428–459.

HAKIM, C. 2004. Key Issues in Women‘s Work: Female Diversity and the Polarisation of Women´s

Employment. London: GlassHouse Press. ISBN 9781904385165.

HAKIM, C. 2006. Women, Careers, and Work-Life Preferences. British Journal of Guidance

&Counselling. 2006, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 279–294.

HANSEN, G. L. 1991. Balancing work and family: A literature and Resource Review. Family

Relations. 1991, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 348–353.

HOFFMAN, S. D.; AVERETT, S. L. 2010. Women and the Economy. Family, Work, and Pay. Second

edition. Boston: Pearson, Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-321-41094-8.

KAN, M. Y. 2007. Work Orientation and Wives‘ Employment Careers: An Evaluation of Hakim‘s

Preference Theory. Work and Occupations. 2007, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 430–462.

LEAHY, M.; DOUGHNEY, J. 2006. Women, Work and Preference Formation: A Critique of Catherine

Hakim‘s Preference Theory. Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics. 2006, Vol. 1,

No. 1, pp. 37–48.

LOUŽEK, M. 2002. Odolejme svádění socialistické propopulační politiky. In: Propopulační politika –

ano či ne? Sborník textů. 2002, No. 21, pp. 37–46. Centrum pro ekonomiku a politiku.

LOVENDUSKI, J.; RANDALL, V. 1993. Contemporary feminist politics: Women and power in Britain.

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 9780198277385.

MCRAE, S. 2003. Constraints and choices in mother´s employment careers: a consideration of

Hakim´s Preference Theory. British Journal of Sociology. 2003, Vol. 54, No. 3, pp. 317–338.

MYSÍKOVÁ, M. 2007. Trh práce žen: Gender Pay Gap a jeho determinanty. IES Working Paper,

No. 13. FSV UK: Praha.

O´REILLY, J., FAGAN, C. (eds.) 1998. Part-Time Prospects: An International Comparison. London:

Routledge. ISBN 9780415156707.

PYTLÍKOVÁ, M.; FILIPOVÁ, L.; GOTTWALD, J.; BALCAR, J.; VAŠKOVÁ, P.; MACHOVÁ Z.;

JANÍKOVÁ, L.; BROŽOVÁ, D. 2012. Gender Wage Gap and Discrimination in the Czech

Republic. Series on Advanced Economic Issues, Vol. 15. Ostrava: VSB-TU Ostrava, 2012.

ISBN 978-80-248-2940-1.

RABUŠIC, L.; CHROMKOVÁ-MANEA, B.-E. 2007. Hakim´s Preference Theory in the Czech Context.

Demografi e. 2007, Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 77–86.