Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 65 No. 4

Analýza daňových systémů středoevropských zemí pomocí statistické simulace

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1152

[plný text (PDF)]

Jan Vlachý

This paper uses a parametric statistical simulation (Monte Carlo) model to investigate and compare the effective lifetime tax burden on variable incomes for private-sector employees in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary, based on current rates and calibrated against actual income distributions. It is shown that the existing Czech system is highly inefficient, lacking horizontal as well as vertical equity, and this is aggravated by increased income volatility. On the other hand, higher income risk in all countries, except Hungary using flat tax, results in less progression than expected, primarily due to the existence of a minimum wage, which effectively serves as insurance, and which the dynamic model captures as a system feedback. This finding may contribute to a reassessment of existing assumptions on the detrimental effect of progressive tax systems on the incentives of individuals to undertake risky decisions, such as investments in human capital.

JEL klasifikace: C53, H21, H24

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