Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 65 No. 4

Panelový regresní model: nástroj pro odhad obvyklé rentability tržeb pro účely převodních cen v kontextu malých a středních podniků

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1154

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Danuše Nerudová, Veronika Solilová, Hana Bohušová, Patrik Svoboda, Marek Litzman

In this paper we focus on transfer pricing issues of SME with aim to propose a methodological tool in the form of panel-regression model estimating arm´s length EBIT margin of industry where SME is operating, which is based on the Action Plan of the European Commission to ensure fair and effective corporate taxation, fulfilling the premise of simplicity and non-increasing the administrative burden and compliance costs of taxation. As a result separate panel regression models were determined for each industry sectors and EU Member States based on the variables, such as operating revenues, payroll, added value and tangible fixed assets. Those regression factors are able to statistically significantly explain the variability in the generation of EBIT margin in case of SME in EU 28, which is often used for transfer pricing purposes. Panel regression models can be used as a simple methodological tool to estimate the arm´s length SME profitability in the industry sector and the state where is SME operating. Moreover, it is able to identify possible distortion of transfer prices if SME is not generating arm´s length EBIT margin based on the model.

JEL klasifikace: F23, G38, K33

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