Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 67 No. 2

Rozdiely v efektívnosti inovačných systémov Slovenska a vybraných krajín Európskej únie

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1234

[plný text (PDF)]

Peter Adamovský, Vladimír Gonda

The aim of the paper is to identify differences in innovation efficiency of national innovation systems of Slovakia and selected countries of the European Union (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Romania and Sweden) in the period 2006–2015. The relative efficiency model applied uses a non-parametric method known as data envelopment analysis (DEA) in a super-efficiency version with a constant-returns-to-scale technology and input orientation. The data selection is based on innovation indicators and methodological aspects of the model. The authors discovered that Austria and Germany achieved an efficient score for technological efficiency, Belgium, Estonia, Romania and Slovakia for economic efficiency, and only Austria for overall efficiency. The research identifies peers for Slovakia among all the EU countries at all levels of efficiency, provides several recommendations for improvement and also confirms the existence of small countries’ resulting bias.

JEL klasifikace: C14, O31, O32

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