Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 67 No. 3

Vliv mobilní telefonie na ekonomický růst

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.1237

[plný text (PDF)]

Jakub Čihák

In this paper, I empirically examine the relationship between telecommunications and economic growth. I use data for developing and developed countries for 2000–2016. My conclusion is that mobile penetration has a positive and significant impact on economic growth, where a onepercent increase in mobile penetration results in an increase in economic growth of 1.0–2.6 percent. Regulatory institutions have a positive and significant impact on penetration in developing countries; in developed countries, the impact of regulatory institutions is positive but not significant.

JEL klasifikace: D23, L43, L96, O47, O57

Reference:
Aghion, P., Bloom, N., Blundell, R., Griffith, R., Howitt, P. (2005). Competition and Innovation:

an Inverted U Relationship. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(2), 701–728, https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/120.2.701

Ahmed, E., Krishnasamy, G. (2012). Telecommunications Investment and Economic Growth

in ASEAN 5: An Assessment from UECM. New Zealand Economic Papers, 46(3), 315–332,

https://doi.org/10.1080/00779954.2012.695180

Aker, J. (2008). Does Digital Divide or Provide? The Impact of Mobile Phones on Grain Markets in

Niger. BREAD. Working Paper No. 177.

Aker, J. (2010). Information from Markets Near and Far: Mobile Phones and Agricultural

Markets in Niger. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2(3), 46–59, https://doi.org/10.1257/app.2.3.46

Alesina, A., Ozler, S., Roubina, N., Swagel, P. (1996). Political Instability and Economic Growth.

Journal of Economic Growth, 1(2), 189–211, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00138862

Arellano, M., Bond, S. (1991). Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence

and an Application to Employment Equations. Review of Economic Studies, 58(2), 277–297,

https://doi.org/10.2307/2297968

Arellano, M., Bover, O. (1995). Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation

of Error-Components Models. Journal of Econometrics, 68(1), 29–51, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4076(94)01642-d

Baarbosa, N., Faria, A. (2011). Innovation across Europe: How Important are Institutional

Differences? Research Policy, 40(9), 1157–1169, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.

respol.2011.05.017

Banerjee, A., Newman, A. (1993). Occupational Choice and the Process of Development. Journal

of Political Economy, 101(2), 274–298, https://doi.org/10.1086/261876

Bandiera, O., Rasul, I. (2006). Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern

Mozambique. The Economic Journal, 116(514), 869–902, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2006.01115.x

Barro, R. (1991). Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries. The Quarterly Journal of

Economics, 106(2), 407–443, https://doi.org/10.2307/2937943

Barro, R., Sala-i.Martin, X. (1992). Convergence. Journal of Political Economy, 100(2), 223–251.

Barro, R., Sala-i.Martin, X. (1992). Economic Growth. 2nd edition. Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN

978-0262025539.

Bailey, D. (1966). The Effects of Corruption in a Developing Nation. Western Political Quarterly,

19(4), 719–732, https://doi.org/10.2307/445147

Bassanini, A., Ernst, E. (2002). Labour Market Institutions, Product Market Regulation, and

Innovation: Cross Country Evidence. Economics Department OECD. Paris Working Papers

No. 316, ECO/WKP(2002)2, https://doi.org/10.1787/002243151077

Bauer, J., Kim, J., Wildman, S. (2003). Broadband Uptake in OECD Countries: Policy Lessons from

Comparative Statistical Analysis, TPRC.

Beil, R., Ford, G., Jackson, J. (2005). On the Relationship between Telecommunications

Investment and Economic Growth in the United States. International Economic Journal,

19(1), 3–9, https://doi.org/10.1080/1351161042000320399

Blomstrom, M., Lipsey, R., Zejan, M. (1996). Is Fixed Investment the Key to Growth? Quarterly

Journal of Economics, 111(1), 269–276, https://doi.org/10.2307/2946665

Blundell, R., Bond, S. (1998). Initial Conditions and Moment Restrictions in Dynamic Panel

Data Models. Journal of Econometrics, 87(1), 115–143, https://doi.org/10.1016/

s0304-4076(98)00009-8

Bresnahan, T., Trajtenberg, M. (1995). General Purpose Technologies „engines of Growth?“.

Journal of Econometrics, 65(1), 83–108, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4076(94)01598-t

Burgess, R., Pande, R. (2005). Do Rural Banks Matter? Evidence from the Indian Social

Banking Experiment. The American Economic Review, 95(3), 780–795, https://doi.org/10.1257/0002828054201242

Calabresi, G. (1968). Transaction Costs, Resource Allocation and Liability Rules, a Comment.

Journal of Law and Economics, 11(1), 67–74, https://doi.org/10.1086/466644

Charkraborty, C., Nandi, B. (2003). Privatization, Telecommunication and Growth in Selected

Asian Countries: An Econometric Analysis. Communications and Strategies, 52(3), 31–47.

Cieślik, A., Kaniewska, M. (2004). Telecommunications Infrastructure and Regional Economic

Development: The case of Poland. Regional Studies, 38(6), 713–725, https://doi.org/10.1080/003434042000240996

Coase, R. (1988). The Firm, the Market, and the Law. New York: The University of Chicago Press.

ISBN 0-226-1100-8.

Conley, T., Udry, C. (2010). Learning about a New Technology: Pineapple in Ghana. The American

Economic Review, 100(1), 35–69, https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.100.1.35

Cronin, F., Parker, E., Colleran, E., Gold, M. (1991). Telecommunications Infrastructure and

Economic Growth: An Analysis of Causality. Telecommunications Policy, 15(6), 529–535,

https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-5961(91)90007-x

Cronin, F., Colleran, Parker, E., Herbert, P., Lewitzky, S. (1993a). Telecommunication and growth:

The Contribution of Telecommunication Infrastructure Investment to Aggregate and

Sectoral Productivity. Telecommunications Policy, 17(9), 677–690.

Cronin, F., Parker, E., Colleran, E., Gold, M. (1993b). Telecommunications infrastructure

investment and economic development. Telecommunications Policy, 17(6), 415–430,

https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-5961(93)90013-s

Czernich, N., Falck, O., Kretschmer, T., Woessmann, L. (2011). Broadband Infrastructure

and Economic Growth. The Economic Journal, 121(552), 505–532, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0297.2011.02420.x

Dalhman, C. (1979). The Problem of Externality. Journal of Law and Economics, 22(1), 141–162,

https://doi.org/10.1086/466936

Datta, A., Agarwal, S. (2004). Telecommunications and Economic Growth:

a Panel Data Approach. Applied Economics, 36(15), 1649–1654, https://doi.org/10.1080/0003684042000218552

De Long, B., Summers, L. (1991). Equipment Investment and Economic Growth. The Quarterly

Journal of Economics, 106(2), 445–502, https://doi.org/10.2307/2937944

De Long, B., Summers, L. (1993). How Strongly do Developing Economies Benefit from

Equipment Investment. Journal of Monetary Economics, 32(3), 395–415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3932(93)90024-a

Devarajan, S., Swaroop, V., Zou, H. (1996). The Composition of Public Expenditure and

Economic Growth. Journal of Monetary Economics, 37(2), 313–344, https://doi.org/10.1016/

s0304-3932(96)90039-2

Dholakia, R., Harlam, B. (1994). Telecommunications and Economic Development: Econometric

Analysis of the US Experience. Telecommunications Policy, 18(6), 470–477, https://doi.

org/10.1016/0308-5961(94)90015-9

Distaso, W., Lupi, P., Manenti, F. (2006). Platform Competition and Broadband Uptake: Theory

and Empirical Evidence form the European Union. Information Economics and Policy, 18(1),

87–106, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infoecopol.2005.07.002

Du Boff, R. (1980). Business Demand and the Development of the Telegraph in the

United States, 1844-1860. The Business History Review, 54(4), 459–479, https://doi.org/10.2307/3114215

Dutta, A. (2001). Telecommunication and Economic Activity: An Analysis of Granger Causality.

Journal of Management Information Systems, 17(4), 71–95, https://doi.org/10.1080/074212

22.2001.11045658

Economides, N., Himmelberg, C. (1995). Critical Mass and Network Size with Application to the US

Fax Market. NYU Stern School of Business. Economics Working Papers, EC-95-11, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.6858

Fölster, S., Henrekson, M. (2001). Growth Effects of Government Expenditure and Taxation in

Rich Countries. European Economic Review, 45(8), 1501–1520, https://doi.org/10.1016/

s0014-2921(00)00083-0

Greenstein, S., Spiller, P. (1996). Estimating the Welfare Effects of Digital Infrastructure. National

Bureau of Economic Research. Cambridge, MA Working Paper No. 5770, https://doi.org/10.3386/w5770

Gsma (2017). The Mobile Economy 2017. Dostupné z: https://www.gsma.com/mobileeconomy/

Gruber, H., Koutroumpis, P., Mayer, T., Nocke, V. (2011). Mobile Telecommunications and

the Impact on Economic Development. Economic Policy, 26(67), 387–426, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0327.2011.00266.x

Hanousek, J., Hajkova, D., Filer, Randall, K. (2008). A Rise by any Other Name? Sensitivity of

Growth Regressions to Data Source. Journal of Macroeconomics, 30(3), 1188–1206, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmacro.2007.08.015

Harrison, A. (1996). Openness and Growth: A Time-series, Cross Country Analysis for

Developing Countries. Journal of Development Economics, 48(2), 419–447, https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3878(95)00042-9

Hardy, A. (1980). The Role of the Telephone in Economic Development. Telecommunications

Policy, 4(4), 278–286, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-5961(80)90044-0

Hirschman, A. (1967). Development Projects Observed. Brookings Institution. ISBN

9780815726425.

Hulten, C., Schwab, R. (1984). Regional Productivity Growth in U.S. Manufacturing: 1951-78.

American Economic Review, 74(1), 152–162.

Huntington, S. (1968). Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press.

ISBN 978-0-300-11620-5.

Jensen, R. (2007). The Digital Provide: Information (Technology), Market Performance and

Welfare in the South Indian Fisheries Sector. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 122(3),

879–924, https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.122.3.879

Jipp, A. (1963). Wealth of Nations and Telephone Density. Telecommunications Journal, 7, 52–70.

Kavesh, R. A., Garbade, K. D., Silber, W. L. (1978). Technology, Communication and the

Performance of Financial Markets: 1840-1975. The Journal of Finance, 33(3), 819–832,

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6261.1978.tb02023.x

Laffont, J., Tirole, J. (1993). A Theory of Incentives in Procurement And Regulation. Cambridge: MIT

Press. ISBN 9780262121743.

Leibenstein, H. (1968). Entrepreneurship and Development. The American Economic Review,

58(2), 72–83.

Litan, R., Rivlin, A. (2001). Projecting the Economic Impact of the Internet. The American

Economic Review Papers and Proceeding, 91(2), 313–317, https://doi.org/10.1257/

aer.91.2.313

Leys, C. (1965). What is the Problem about Corruption?. The Journal of Modern African Studies,

3(2), 215–230, https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022278x00023636

Levine, R. E., Renelt, D. (1992). A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions.

American Economic Review, 82(4), 942–963.

Lichtenberg, F. (1995). The Output Contributions of Computer Equipment and Personnel:

A Firm-Level Analysis. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 3(3–4), 201–218,

https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599500000003

Mankiew, G., Romer, D., Weil, D. (1992). A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth.

The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107(2), 407–437, https://doi.org/10.2307/2118477

Madden, G., Savage, S. (1998). CEE Telecommunications Investment and Economic

Growth. Information Economics and Policy, 10(2), 173–195, https://doi.org/10.1016/

s0167-6245(97)00020-6

Marlow, M. (1988) Private Sector Shrinkage and the Growth of Industrialized Economies: Reply.

Public Choice, 58(3), 285–294, https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00155674

Mehmood, B., Siddiqui, W. (2013). What Causes What? Panel Cointegration Approach on

Investment in Telecommunication and Economic Growth: Case of Asian Countries.

Romanian Economic Journal, 16(47), 3–16.

Morawczynski, O., Pickens, M. (2009). Poor People Using Mobile Financial Services:

Observations on Customer Usage and Impact from M-PESA. CGAP brief. Washington,

DC: World Bank. Dostupné na: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/

en/943831468149671681/Poor-people-using-mobile-financial-services-observations-oncustomer-

usage-and-impact-from-M-PES

Muto, M., Yamano, T. (2009). The Impact of Mobile Phone Coverage Expansion on Market

Participation: Panel Data Evidence from Uganda. World Development, 37(12), 1887–1896,

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.05.004

Nordhaus, W. (2007). Alternative Measures of Output in Global Economic-environmental

Models: Purchasing Power Parity or Market Exchange Rates. Energy Economics, 29(3),

349–372, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2006.02.003

Norton, S. (1992). Transaction Costs, Telecommunications, and the Microeconomics of

Macroeconomic Growth. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 41(1), 175–196,

https://doi.org/10.1086/452002

Onyeji, R., Karner, J. (2008). Telecom Private Investment and Economic Growth: The Case of African

and Central & East European Countries. Jonkoping University. Dostupné z: https://www.

diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:3602/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Pigou, A. (2013). The Economics of Welfare. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230249318.

Pradhan, R., Bele, S., Pandrey, S. (2013). The Link between Telecommunication Infrastructure

and Economic Growth in 34 OECD Countries. International Journal of Technology Policy

and Management, 13(3), 278–293, https://doi.org/10.1504/ijtpm.2013.054915

Pradhan, R., Arvin, M., Bahmani, S., Bennett, S., Norman, N. (2014). Telecommunications

Infrastructure and Economic Growth: Comparative Policy Analysis for the G-20 Developed

and Developing Countries. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice,

16(5), 401–423, https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2014.960227

Prieger, J. (2002). Regulation, Innovation, and the Introduction of New Telecommunications

Services. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(4), 704–715, https://doi.org/10.1162/003465302760556512

Röller, L., Waverman, L. (2001). Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Development:

a Simultaneous Approach. American Economic Review, 91(4), 909–923, https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.91.4.909

Romer, P. (1986). Increasing Returns and Long Run Growth. Journal of Political Economy, 94(5),

1002–1037, https://doi.org/10.1086/261420

Rosenzweig, M., Binswanger, H. (1993). Wealth, Weather Risk and the Composition and

Profitability of Agricultural Investments. The Economic Journal, 103(416), 56–78,

https://doi.org/10.2307/2234337

Samuel, J., Shah, N., Hadingham, W. (2005). Mobile Communications in South Africa, Tanzania

and Egypt: Results from Community and Business Surveys in Africa: The Economic Impact

of Mobile Phones. Vodafone Policy Paper Series, No. 2.

Samuelson, P. (1954). The Pure Theory of Public Expenditures. Review of Economics and

Statistics, 36(4), 387– 389, https://doi.org/10.2307/1925895

Saunders, R., Warford, J., Wellenius, B. (1994). Telecommunications and Economic Development.

Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. ISBN 0-8018-4665-X.

Shiu, A., Lam, P. (2008). Causal Relationship between Telecommunications and Economic

Growth in China and its Regions. Regional Studies, 42(5), 705–718, https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400701543314

Solow, R. (1956). A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal

of Economics, 70(1), 65–94, https://doi.org/10.2307/1884513

Stigler, G. (1971). The Economic Theory of Regulation. Bell Journal of Economics and

Management Science, 2(1), 3–21.

Temple, J. (1999). The New Growth Evidence. Journal of Economic Literature, 37(1), 112–156,

https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.37.1.112

Ulku, H. (2004). R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth: An Empirical Analysis.

International Monetary Fund. Working Papers, WP/04/185, pp. 2–35, https://doi.org/10.5089/9781451859447.001

Veeramacheneni, B., Ekanayake, E., Vogel, R. (2007). Information Technology and Economic

Growth: A Causal Analysis. Southwestern Economic Review, 34(1), 75–88.

Vogelsang, I. (2010). The Relationship between Mobile and Fixed Line Communications:

A Survey. Information Economics and Policy, 22(1), 4–17, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.

infoecopol.2009.12.002

Wolde-Rufael, Y. (2007). Another Look at the Relationship between Telecommunications

Investment and Economic Activity in the United States. International Economic Journal,

21(2), 199–205, https://doi.org/10.1080/10168730701345372

Wallsten, S. (2006). Broadband and Unbundling Regulations in OECD Countries. AEI-Brookings

Joint Centre for Regulatory Studies. Washington, DC Working Paper No. 06-16, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.906865

Waverman, L., Meschi, M., Fuss, M. (2005). The impact of telecoms on economic growth in

developing countries. The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, 2(03), 10-24. Dostpuné na:

http://www .vodafone.com/content/dam/vodafone/about/ public c_policy/policy_

papers/public_policy_series_ 2.pdf

Waverman, L., Meschi, M., Reillier, B. and Dasgupta, K.(2007). Access regulation and

infrastructure investment in the telecommunications sector: an empirical investigation.

Report by LECG Consulting, London, UK. Dostupné na: http://www.etno.be/Portals/34/

ETNO%20Documents/LECG_Final%20Report.pdf

World Bank (2017). Access to Elektricity, Rural (% of Rural Population). Dostupné z: https://data.

worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.RU.ZS

Yoo, S., Kwak, S. (2004). Information Technology and Economic Development in Korea:

A Causality Study. International Journal of Technology Management, 27(1), 57–67,

https://doi.org/10.1504/ijtm.2004.003881

Young, A. (1991). Learning by Doing and the Dynamic Effects of International Trade. The

Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(2), 369–405, https://doi.org/10.2307/2937942