Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 55 No. 2

Monetární teorie cyklu, dluhový problém a finanční krize

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.596

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Pavel Dvořák

In attempts to explain the mechanism of a financial crisis of the third generation, the basic problem is to specify the basic causes of its emergence. In the text of the paper we have formulated a hypothesis saying that the basic cause of the emergence of a systemic financial crisis of the Asian type is an overall unsound indebtedness, initiated - using the terminology of a monetary theory of cycles - by malinvestment, caused by an excessive credit boom. If these investments are financed through credits, their systematic liquidation leads not only to recession, but also to the development of unsound indebtedness and to a massive credit non-reimbursement. If the credits are granted in the local currency, there develops an internal debt problem, a banking crisis and subsequently a monetary crisis. If the credits are given in foreign currencies, there develops an external debt problem, a monetary crisis and subsequently a banking crisis. Debt, banking and monetary problems are mutually amplified and lead to the emergence of a systemic financial crisis.

JEL klasifikace: F34, G15