Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
Politická ekonomie
TEORETICKÝ ČASOPIS • ISSN 0032-3233 (Print) • ISSN 2336-8225 (Online)

Politická ekonomie Vol. 58 No. 5

Kritický realismus: ontologická báze postkeynesovské ekonomie

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18267/j.polek.750

[plný text (PDF)]

Lukáš Kovanda

In the following text we introduce those approaches to the methodology of economics that are relevant from the perspective of post-Keynesianism. After a partially historical outline of philosophical and methodological stances of John Maynard Keynes and Nicholas Kaldor we attempt to shed some light on a more recent methodological concept, critical realism. This approach is in one way or in other influenced by the two economists´ ideas in the realm, as well as some other post-Keynesians. We argue that this, originally heterodox, concept has had an ambition not only to operate as an alternative to the methodology of mainstream, orthodox economics, but to substitute it and thus, proponents say, make economics as such more relevant.

JEL klasifikace: B29, B31, B41, B50

Reference:
ALISEDA, A. 2003. Mathematical reasoning vs. abductive reasoning: a structural approach. Synthese. 2003, Vol. 134, pp. 25–44.

BAERT, P. 1996. Realist philosophy of the social sciences and economics: a critique. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1996, Vol. 20, pp. 513–522.

BHASKAR, R. 1978. A Realist Theory of Science. 2. vyd. Brighton: Harvester, 1978. ISBN: 0391005766.

BOYLAN, T.; O’GORMAN, P. 1997. Kaldor on method: a challenge to contemporary methodology. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1997, Vol. 21, pp. 503–517.

CALDWELL, B. J. 1994. Beyond Positivism. 3. vyd. London: Routledge, 1994. ISBN: 0415109116.

CHICK, V.; DOW, S. C. 2001. Formalism, logic and reality: a Keynesian analysis. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2001, Vol. 25, pp. 705–21.

DAVIS, J. B. 1999. Common sense: a middle way between formalism and post-structuralism? Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1999, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 503–515.

DOWNWARD, P.; MEARMAN, A. 2007. Retroduction as mixed–methods triangulation in economic research: reorienting economics into social science. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2007, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 77–100.

DOW, S. C. 1996. The Methodology of Macroeconomic Thought. 2. vyd. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1996. ISBN: 1852789808.

DOW, S. C. 1997. Mainstream Economic Methodology. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1997, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 73–93.

FLEETWOOD, S. 1996. Order without equilibrium: a critical realist interpretation of Hayek’s notion of spontaneous order. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1996, Vol. 20, pp. 729–747.

FLEETWOOD, S. 2002. Boylan and O’Gorman’s causal holism: a critical realist evaluation. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2002, Vol. 26, pp. 27–45.

KALDOR, N. 1934. A classifi catory note on the determinateness of equilibrium. Review of Economic Studies. 1934, Vol. 2, pp. 122–136.

KALDOR, N. 1972. The irrelevance of equilibrium economics. Economic Journal. 1972, Vol. 82, No. 4, pp. 1237–55.

KALDOR, N. 1975. What is wrong with Economic Theory? Quarterly Journal of Economics. 1975, Vol. 89, No. 3, pp. 347–357.

KALDOR, N. 1985. Economics Without Equilibrium. 1. vyd. Cardiff: University College Cardiff Press, 1985. ISBN: 0906449871.

KEYNES, J. M. 1979. The Treatise on Probability. Přetisk vydání z roku 1921 (London: Macmillan). New York: AMS Press, 1979. ISBN: 0404145639.

KOVANDA, L. 2006. Momenty fi lozofi e věd v komparaci škol ekonomického myšlení. Diplomová práce, vedoucí: M. Sojka. Praha: Institut ekonomických studií FSV UK, 2006.

KOVANDA, L. 2009. Příběh dokonalé bouře a hovory (nejen) s laureáty Nobelovy ceny o finanční krizi. Praha: Mediacop, 2009. ISSN 1804-1701.

LAWSON, C. 1994. The transformational model of social activity and economic analysis: a reinterpretation of the work of J. R. Commons. Review of Political Economy. 1994, Vol. 6, No. 2.

LAWSON, T. 1989. Abstraction, tendencies and stylised facts: a realist approach to economic analysis. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1989, Vol. 13, No. 1, p. 59.

LAWSON, T. 1997. Economics and Reality. 1. vyd. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. ISBN: 0415154219.

LAWSON, T. 2006. The nature of heterodox economics. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2006, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 483–505.

LEE, F. S. 2000. Theory Creation and the Methodological Foundations of Post Keynesian Microeconomics. Příspěvek prezentovaný na Cambridge Realist Workshop, Cambridge, 2000.

MARTIN, A. 2009. Critical realism and the Austrian paradox. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2009, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 517–531.

MARTINS, N. 2006. Capabilities as causal powers. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2006, Vol. 30, pp. 671–685.

MÄKI, U. 1988. How to combine rhetoric and realism in the methodology of economics. Economics and Philosophy. 1988, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 89–109.

MCMASTER, R.; WATKINS, C. 2006. Economics and underdetermination: a case study of urban land and housing economics. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2006, Vol. 30, No. 6, pp. 901–922.

MINSKY, H. 1982. Can „it“ happen again? 1. vyd. Armonk (N.Y.): M. E. Sharpe, 1982. ISBN: 0873322134.

PASINETTI, L. L. 2005. The Cambridge school of Keynesian Economics. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2005, Vol. 29, pp. 837–848.

PETER, F. 2001. Rhetoric vs realism in economic methodology: a critical assessment of recent contributions. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2001, Vol. 25, pp. 571–589.

PHEBY, J. 1988. Methodology and Economics: A Critical Introduction. 1. vyd. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, 1988. ISBN: 033338511X.

PRATTEN, S. 1994. Structure, agency and Marx’s analysis of the labour process. Review of Political Economy. 1994, Vol. 5, No. 4.

ROBINSON, J. 1962. Essays in the Theory of Economic Growth. 1. vyd. New York: St. Martin’s, 1962. ISBN: 978–0312263904.

SETTERFIELD, M. 1998. History versus equilibrium: Nicholas Kaldor on historical time and economic theory. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 1998, Vol. 22, pp. 521–537.

SOJKA, M. et al. 2000. Dějiny ekonomických teorií. 1. vyd. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze – Nakladatelství Karolinum, 1999. ISBN 80-7184-991-X.

SVOBODA, M. 2002. Pojem fundamentální nejistoty v postkeynesovské ekonomické teorii. Diplomová práce, vedoucí: M. Sojka. Praha: Vysoká škola ekonomická, 2002.

VELUPILLAI, K. V. 2005. The unreasonable ineffectivness of mathematics in economics. Cambridge Journal of Economics. 2005, Vol. 29, pp. 849–872.