Současná Evropa
Současná Evropa
Současná Evropa
ČESKY ENGLISH
Fakulta mezinárodních vztahů, Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze

Současná Evropa 2015/2

Evropská unie a krize v Sýrii


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Radka Havlová

Článek se zabývá analýzou role Evropské unie v řešení krize v Sýrii. Sýrie je dlouhodobě pro evropské státy důležitým prostorem, avšak navzdory významu Sýrie Evropská unie nebyla schopna nalézt adekvátní odpověď na turbulentní vývoj v Sýrii bez ohledu na to, že má k dispozici dostatek politických, diplomatických, ekonomických, vojenských a humanitárních prostředků, jak ovlivnit vývoj v Sýrii. Neúspěšná snaha Evropské unie přispět k vyřešení krize v Sýrii vychází částečně z toho, že opozice v Sýrii je velmi fragmentalizována a Evropská unie se obává možného nárůstu vlivu islamismu a hnutí ISIL po pádu Asadova režimu v Sýrii. Evropská unie rovněž nebyla schopná úspěšně přispět k řešení krizi v Sýrii, neboť mezi členskými státy Evropské unie nepanuje shoda ohledně postupu v Sýrii, postoj Evropské unie se lišil od postoje USA a priority Evropské unie v daném období zahrnovaly jiné otázky, než krizi v Sýrii, jako například řešení krize na Ukrajině či jednání o jaderném program s Iránem.

Klíčová slova: Arabské jaro, Asad, Evropská unie, ISIL, islám, Islámský stát, občanská válka, padlé státy, Sýrie, syrská opozice

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